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Keoladeo National Park 2023

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Hello everyone! Welcome to our blog on Keoladeo National Park, a renowned bird sanctuary located in Bharatpur, a city in the eastern part of Rajasthan, India.

The city of Bharatpur, also known as Bhurtpore, was built by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733. Following Suraj Mal’s demise in 1763, Bharatpur was twice seized by the British. Ultimately, after India gained independence in 1947, Bharatpur became an integral part of the state of Rajasthan.

Initially, the region encompassing Keoladeo National Park served as a hunting ground for Maharaja Suraj Mal. However, in 1956, recognising the ecological significance of the area, it was transformed into a bird sanctuary. In 1981, this sanctuary attained the status of a national park and was named Keoladeo National Park, taking inspiration from an ancient temple dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva located within the park. Further, it was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

Keoladeo National Park is spread over 2,873 hectares of land and is one of the world’s most important bird breeding and feeding grounds. It encompasses grasslands, woodlands, woodland swamps and wetlands. These diverse ecosystems are home to 366 bird species, 379 floral species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snakes, 5 species of lizards, 5 amphibian species, 7 turtle species and a variety of invertebrates. Among the residents of the national park are birds like Stork, Tufted Duck, Oriental ibis, Imperial Eagle and Spoonbills, and mammals such as fishing cats and blackbuck. Notably, this park holds international importance as a migratory waterfowl destination and a wintering ground for the rare Siberian crane. During the breeding season over twenty thousand bird nests are formed by fifteen species of birds, including Herons, Spoonbills and Storks.

The national park has legal protection under the provisions of the Indian Forest Act, 1927 and the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. As an additional measure to safeguard its precious wildlife, the park is enclosed by a two-meter high boundary wall, minimising the likelihood of poaching activities.

We hope that you liked our blog, and you will consider visiting Keoladeo National Park, a bird haven.

Team Members: Anushka Varma & Samaira Wadhwa (The Shri Ram School, Moulsari).


EdTerra Edventures conducts various other programs for the youth. If you go to school and are under 17 years of age, ask your school to contact us to arrange a visit to your school for an introduction to “Bharatpur” and other journeys under EdTerra’s India Discovery Program.

For queries call +91-11-48885800 or visit EdTerra Browse Journeys page to know more about the programs we offer to school students. Visit our FB page by clickingHERE

The Shri Ram School - Moulsari

The Shri Ram Schools were born out of the ideology that children must be given an environment that makes them want to come to school every day. The schools, which were founded in 1988 by Mrs. Manju Bharat Ram, follow her personal principle of promoting individuality through value-based education which promotes a global outlook yet retains intrinsic Indian cultural traditions. Her guidance has also led The Shri Ram Schools to lay a great emphasis on inclusiveness.


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